DoDAF Viewpoints and Models
SV-10b: Systems State Transition Description
The SV-10b is a graphical method of describing a resource (or system function) response to various events by changing its state. The diagram basically represents the sets of events to which the resources in the Activities respond (by taking an action to move to a new state) as a function of its current state. Each transition specifies an event and an action.
The explicit time sequencing of service functions in response to external and internal events is not fully expressed in SV-4 Systems Functionality Description. The SV-10b can be used to describe the explicit sequencing of the functions. Alternatively, SV-10b can be used to reflect explicit sequencing of the actions internal to a single function, or the sequencing of system functions with respect to a specific resource.
The intended usage of the SV-10b includes:
- Definition of states, events and state transitions (behavioral modeling).
- Identification of constraints.
The SV-10b relates events to resource states and describes the transition from one state to another. The SV-10b is based on the state chart diagram. A state machine is defined as "a specification that describes all possible behaviors of some dynamic view element. Behavior is modeled as a traversal of a graph of specific states interconnected by one or more joined transition arcs that are triggered by the dispatching of series of event instances. During this traversal, the state machine executes a series of actions associated with various elements of the state machine." State chart diagrams can be unambiguously converted to structured textual rules that specify timing aspects of events and the responses to these events, with no loss of meaning. However, the graphical form of the state diagrams can often allow quick analysis of the completeness of the rule set, and detection of dead ends or missing conditions. These errors, if not detected early during the solution analysis phase, can often lead to serious behavioral errors in fielded capabilities, or to expensive correction efforts.
The SV-10b models state transitions from a resource perspective, with a focus on how the resource responds to stimuli (e.g., triggers and events). As in the OV-6b Operational State Transition Description, these responses may differ depending upon the rule set or conditions that apply as well as the resource's state at the time the stimuli is received. A change of state is called a transition. Each transition specifies the response based on a specific event and the current state. Actions may be associated with a given state or with the transition between states. A state and its associated actions specify the response of a resource or function, to events. When an event occurs, the next state may vary depending on the current state (and its associated action), the event, and the rule set or guard conditions.
The SV-10b can be used to describe the detailed sequencing of functions described in SV-4 Systems Functionality Description. However, the relationship between the actions included in SV-10b and the functions in SV-4 Systems Functionality Description depends on the purposes of the architecture and the level of abstraction used in the models. The explicit sequencing of functions in response to external and internal events is not fully expressed in SV-4 Systems Functionality Description. SV-10b can be used to reflect explicit sequencing of the functions, the sequencing of actions internal to a single function, or the sequencing of functions with respect to a specific resource.
States in a SV-10b model may be nested. This enables quite complex models to be created to represent systems behavior. Depending upon the architecture project's needs, the SV-10b may be used separately or in conjunction with the SV-10c Systems Event-Trace Description.
SV-1 Systems Interface Description
SV-2 Systems Resource Flow Description
SV-3 Systems-Systems Matrix
SV-4 Systems Functionality Description
SV-5a Operational Activity to Systems Function Traceability Matrix
SV-5b Operational Activity to Systems Traceability Matrix
SV-6 Systems Resource Flow Matrix
SV-7 Systems Measures Matrix
SV-8 Systems Evolution Description
SV-9 Systems Technology & Skills Forecast
Introduction to SV-10a, SV10b, and SV-10c
SV-10a Systems Rules Model
SV-10b Systems State Transition Description
SV-10c Systems Event-Trace Description