DoDAF Viewpoints and Models
SvcV-5: Operational Activity to Services Traceability Matrix
The SvcV-5 addresses the linkage between service functions described in SvcV-4 and Operational Activities specified in OV-5a Operational Activity Decomposition Tree or OV-5b Operational Activity Model. The SvcV-5 depicts the mapping of service functions (and, optionally, the capabilities and performers that provide them) to operational activities and thus identifies the transformation of an operational need into a purposeful action performed by a service solution.
During requirements definition, the SvcV-5 plays a particularly important role in tracing the architectural elements associated with system function requirements to those associated with user requirements.
The intended usage of the SvcV-5 includes:
- Tracing service functional requirements to user requirements.
- Tracing solution options to requirements.
- Identification of overlaps or gaps.
An SvcV-5 is a specification of the relationships between the set of operational activities applicable to an Architectural Description and the set of service functions applicable to that Architectural Description. The relationship between operational activities and service functions can also be expected to be many-to-many (i.e., one activity may be supported by multiple functions, and one function may support multiple activities). The service functions shown in the SvcV-5 may be those associated with capabilities and performers. More focused SvcV-5 models might be used to specifically trace system functions to operational activities if desired.
DoDAF uses the term Operational Activity in the OVs and the term Service Function in the SVs to refer to essentially the same kind of thing-both activities and service functions are tasks that are performed, accept inputs, and develop outputs. The distinction between an Operational Activity and a Service Function is a question of what and how. The Operational Activity is a specification of what is to be done, regardless of the mechanism used. A Service Function specifies how a resource carries it out. For this reason, the SvcV-5 is a significant model, as it ties together the logical specification in the OV-5a Operational Activity Decomposition Tree or OV-5b Operational Activity Model with the physical specification of the SvcV-4 Services Functionality Description. Service Functions can be carried out by Resources.
Care should be taken when publishing a SvcV-5 with status information. Any presentation should clearly state the date of publication, so that users can see when status information is old.
The SvcV-5 may be further annotated with Services, Capabilities, Performers executing Activities, and capabilities and performers that conduct the functions.
The SvcV-5 is generally presented as a matrix of the relationship between service functions and activities. The SvcV-5 can show requirements traceability with Operational Activities on one axis of a matrix, the System Functions on the other axis, and with an X, date, or phase in the intersecting cells, where appropriate.
An alternate version of the tabular SvcV-5 can allow the implementation status of each function to be shown. In this variant model, each service function-to-operational activity mapping is described by a traffic light symbol that may indicate the status of the service support. DoDAF V2.0 does not prescribe a presentation technique. These symbols are usually colored circles with the following possible representations:
- Red may indicate that the functionality is planned but not developed.
- Yellow may indicate that partial functionality has been provided (or full functionality provided but system has not been fielded).
- Green may indicate that full functionality has been provided to the field.
- A blank cell may indicate that there is no service support planned for an Operational Activity, or that a relationship does not exist between the Operational Activity and the Service Function.
SvcV-1 Services Context Description
SvcV-2 Services Resource Flow Description
SvcV-3a Systems-Services Matrix
SvcV-3b Services-Services Matrix
SvcV-4 Services Functionality Description
SvcV-5 Operational Activity to Services Traceability Matrix
SvcV-6 Services Resource Flow Matrix
SvcV-7 Services Measures Matrix
SvcV-8 Services Evolution Description
SvcV-9 Services Technology & Skills Forecast
SvcV-10abc Introduction to SvcV-10a, SvcV-10b and SvcV-10c
SvcV-10a Services Rules Model
SvcV-10b Services State Transition Description
SvcV-10c Services Event-Trace Description