DoDAF Viewpoints and Models
PV-2: Project Timelines
The PV-2 provides a timeline perspective on programs. The PV-2 is intended primarily to support the acquisition and fielding processes including the management of dependencies between projects and the integration of DoDD 5000.1 Defense Acquisition System policies to achieve a successfully integrated capability. The PV-2 is not limited to the acquisition and fielding processes.
The intended usage of the PV-2 includes:
- Project management and control (including delivery timescales).
- Project dependency risk identification.
- Management of dependencies.
- Portfolio management.
The PV-2 provides an overview of a program or portfolio of individual projects, or initiatives, based on a timeline. Portfolios, Programs, Projects, and Initiatives may be broken into work streams to show the dependencies at a lower-level. For capability-based procurement, these work streams might conveniently be equated with JCA. Sometimes, however, it is more appropriate to consider these acquisition projects in their own right.
Where appropriate, the PV-2 may also summarize, for each of the projects illustrated, the level of maturity achieved across the DoDD 5000.1 Defense Acquisition System policies at each stage of the DAS lifecycle, and the interdependencies between the project stages.
The PV-2 is intended primarily to support the acquisition and fielding processes including the management of dependencies between projects and the integration of DoDD 5000.1 Defense Acquisition System policies to achieve a successfully integrated capability. However, the PV-2 is not limited to the acquisition and fielding processes. The information provided by the Model can be used to determine the impact of either planned or unplanned programmatic changes, and highlight opportunities for optimization across the delivery program. The inclusion of the DoDD 5000.1 Defense Acquisition System policy information allows areas of concern that are outside the immediate scope being considered. Areas of concern identified across the DoDD 5000.1 Defense Acquisition System policies, e.g., a shortfall in training resource, can be coordinated across a program or group of projects, each of which require additional activity to be initiated for successfully delivery according to the project/program schedule.
Although a PV-2 may be compiled for a single system project, with supporting work streams, the model becomes particularly useful when considering the dependencies between the multiple projects (or increments within them) that contribute to an acquisition program. Such an acquisition program may be an oversight organization or any other useful grouping of projects that have strong dependencies or contribute towards a common goal (see CV-1 Vision model). Typical use of PV-2 is to represent an individual system development for use in the CV-3 Capability Phasing, while an Integrated Product Team (IPT) may be delivering several systems simultaneously. While PV-2 is expected to support acquisition management for a program consisting of a portfolio of acquisition projects, it may sometimes be convenient to use a PV-2 timeline model for other purposes, e.g., to show temporal relationships between transformation initiatives at the strategic-level or for technology roadmapping.
A PV-2 graphically displays the key milestones and interdependencies between the multiple projects that constitute a program, portfolio, or initiative. Use of PV-2 should support the management of capability delivery and be aligned with the CV-3 Capability Phasing model, if one exists. One presentational format for a PV-2 can be a Gantt chart that displays the entire lifecycle of each project, together with dependencies between them.
Optionally, the Gantt chart may be enhanced to show the level of maturity for each of the DOTMLPF factors associated with that project at each key milestone. The colored icon can be a segmented circular pie chart, a regular polyhedron or any appropriate graphic, providing that the graphic is explained and covers all DAS requirements.
PV-1: Project Portfolio Relationships
PV-2: Project Timelines
PV-3: Project to Capability Mapping